Fragrances such as Colognes, Perfumes and others are all distinct from each other. Know how?

When you go to buy a fragrance you will many different names under the same category such as perfumes, parfum, eau de toilette, cologne etc. Know how are they different from each other in many cases and makes them expensive from others.

Various steps are involved in the procedure of selecting the best perfume, especially for women. These include selecting a brand, its price, type, and also you would like to be sure as to what type of bottle holds the fragrance. A person may easily recognize the different categories to which a particular fragrance belongs but they don’t know what that particular term means.

It is very important to find the correct concentration as choosing a scent is also important. Light fragrances get faded away very quickly, so you must choose a fragrance that is a bit heavy and stays for long. Make sure that to make a fragrance last longer you don’t pick a fragrance that is too strong since such fragrances can choke you out. This way a nice scent will also be ruined.

Steps involved to produce fragrances and make them different

To differentiate between the available fragrances, it is important to know the procedure that was being carried out to produce them. The manufacturer usually mixes synthetic and natural oils with the help of which fragrances get their scent with a carrier such as the alcohol. This helps the scent to get stabilized and the oils used gets diluted, after which it creates the fragrance that we smell on our skin.

Alcohol is also used to manufacture the fragrances and it is an important ingredient as alcohol helps in controlling the concentration of the scent and its staying power. We have assembled some of the common categories of fragrances available so that you can have a rough idea of how concentrated the oils are and it will also help you to know how light or heavy the scent is.


Pure perfume

This fragrance has got other names too, such as Parfum, Extrait de Parfum. The names may seem quite deceptive because they directly don’t refer to the perfume oil, as it may have a somewhat unpleasant smell or can even cause some irritation on your skin. Pure perfume is believed to contain the highest concentration of fragrance available. Generally, 15 to 30 per cent of perfume oil is used in the production procedure. The amount used is more than enough to make it last all day long.

Pure perfumes are easily noticeable since they travel a good distance in and around the body within the air and this is one of the important properties of pure perfumes. They are so dense that they tend to walk in and out along with you, as you move around. A person who is wearing pure perfume if hugs you chances that you might also get the fragrance transferred and you will start smelling like them, they get transferred easily.

Eau de Cologne

Cologne is referred to as an umbrella term which is generally used to describe any men’s fragrance in North America. Eau de cologne, however, is used to describe very light & best mens cologne that have a small concentration of perfume oils in it which is almost 2 to 4 percent. The fragrance is also cut with more alcohol and they usually last a few hours. The fragrances can be used once to freshen up but are not ideal to be worn all day long.

Eau de Parfume

They contain the next highest concentration of perfume oils after pure perfume. The concentration of perfume oil contained varies between 15 to 20 per cent. They have the property which can make them last long day long and the person next to you in the same cubicle will also not suffer through a headache. They also don’t get transferred to the person whom you give a hug.

They belong to the fragrance category which is commonly used and the new fragrances popularly used these days are also made using the above-mentioned formula. The perfumes that are found on the shelves of the departmental stores are generally Eau de Parfum. The scent lasts all day long from morning to evening, and it can also be noticed at night even after you change your dress.

Eau Fraiche

This is another category of perfume that has got an extremely low concentration of alcohol which is around 1 to 3 per cent. The major difference between Eau Fraiche and other similar fragrances is that other fragrances are diluted with the help of alcohol, whereas Eau Fraiche is diluted mostly with the help of water and they serve the purpose of a quick refresher without lasting long.

Eau de Toilette

This category has a lower concentration of perfume oil which is around 5 to 15 per cent. These fragrances are generally made to feel lighter on the skin, and they also don’t last all day long. There is a belief that Eau de Toilette is made to wear during the day, whereas, Eau de Parfum is made to be worn at night. Generally, people do what they prefer and wear fragrances according to their choice.

In a nutshell

The counters where fragrances of all types are kept just differentiate the products according to their price and brand and not their types. The category to which a particular fragrance belongs can be known from the product label or you can also tell the salesperson at the store to give you the fragrance that you are looking for. Various types of fragrances are available that suits your lifestyle. Whether you are going for a scent to wear it for all-day such as the Eau de parfum, a bit heavier option such as the pure perfume or an option which is lighter and stays temporarily, Eau Fraiche.

Some heavier options can be avoided if you are not in their favour and go for lighter ones such as florals, citrus, etc.…

Perfume, the First J-Pop Girl Group to Perform at Coachella

Coachella Valley Music and Art Festival is a popular music festival in the Coachella Valley in the Colorado Desert. This festival celebrates different genres of music such as rock, indie, pop, hip hop, and electronic dance music. Coachella is a beautiful music festival that is open to all popular music from all over the world. J-Pop is a music genre that became very popular in Japan and became a mainstream type of music in the country from the 1990s. There are many popular J-Pop music bands and groups in Japan that are not just popular in Japan but also all over the world. Coachella Valley Music and Art Festival for the first time included a J-Pop band called Perfume.

Perfume- The J-Pop Girl Group at Coachella

For a decade and a half, the J-Pop band or girl group called Perfume has been very popular in Japan. This group showcases the music genre and is one of the paths to completely transform and change the J-Pop genre in the country. This band is known for its futuristic electro-pop and they have released several albums in the J-Pop genre. Their new album is named Future Pop and in this album, they have included futuristic bass sounds into their music, making it very modern and popular with their fans. This musical girl group introduced the United States tour, to perform their music and this also includes a performance at Coachella. The Future Pop tour in the United States will include performances at Coachella and also concerts in cities like New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, San Jose, and Seattle. Perfume is a major band in Asia and has a fan base throughout the world.

Perfume – Details about the Girl Group

Perfume is a girl group that consists of three members and has been popular in J-Pop for a very long time. The members of this girl group include A-Chan, Nocchi, and Kashiyuka and they have been part of this group since the early 2000s. This charismatic trio met in High School and then formally decided to create a band in 2002. Nishiwaki Ayaka who is known and A-Chan, Kashino Yuka who is known as Kashiyuka and Omoto Ayano who is known as Nocchi released their first single in 2003 called Omajinai Perori. This single’s name in English means Good Luck Charm and they got good luck in 2007 when their songs were included in Top 10 hits in Japan. Polyrhythm is the music that got them success and then this music was also included in the popular animated Hollywood movie Cars 2.

Music Created by Perfume

Nakata Yasutaka is a famous music producer in Japan that has not only worked with bands like Perfume but also worked with other famous music bands in Japan including Kyary Pamyu Pamyu and SMAP. This producer has worked with Perfume since 2003 and has helped the band write all their major hits. Their signature sound is to blend electronic sound with the human voice and create futuristic music. Perfume has not written their own songs but they have shown interest in writing songs in the future.

Perfume – Their Style and Performances

Perfume is known for their futuristic performances and a blend between virtual reality and reality. Rhizomatiks is a Japanese digital effects company that works with Perfume to create futuristic performances with special effects paired with the great choreography and very catchy music. Their performances have become legendary in not just Japan but all over the world. Rhizomatiks is one of the best digital effects companies in the world and their performance at the closing ceremony in the 2016 Rio Olympics was a success.

Iconic Style of Perfume

Perfume has three brand members and all have a personal style that is very popular with their fans. Their

hairstyles are copied by fans all over the world. Nocchi has a fashionable bob, Kashiyuka has long straight shiny hair and A–Chan creates softly styled hairstyles effectively. They have launched a clothing line called Perfume Closet and also a shoe line that is based on the stylish heels that this band wears in their performances.

Perfume is a great J-Pop band and this band performing at international music festivals like Coachella makes it popular in major western countries. Perfume has become a global iconic girl group followed by millions of people all over the world.…

Citrus Scent Perfume Market to Eyewitness Massive Growth

The global perfume industry is worth tens of billions of dollars and there are various segments in the market. The perfume industry is well spread out with major international brands competing in the global market and there are many independent local perfumers selling different types of perfumes locally all over the world.

Citrus Scent Perfumes

There are regional brands, national brands as well as international luxury brands selling perfume. Perfume market is also divided into segments based on the scent of the perfume and the type of scents used in a perfume. The citrus scent perfume market, for example, is a market that is expected to grow into a massive market by 2025.

The Citrus Scent Perfume

Citrus fragrances and perfumes have been popular all over the world for decades and are especially popular during the summer months when a fresh citrus perfume works well with the climate as well as the clothes for summer. These fragrances usually use ingredients like lemon, bergamot, oranges, grapefruit and mandarin to give the citrusy notes to the perfume. The composition of the perfume often also includes many other secondary notes to create a beautiful scent popular with men and women all over the world. The citrus and aromatic notes paired with earth and floral notes can create a beautiful fragrance.

Citrus Scent Perfume Market

The Citrus scent is a great fragrance in developed countries and ideal for tropical countries which do not have a very developed perfume market. Many brands are looking towards these markets to grow their clientele and the citrus scent perfume segment of the market is likely to grow a lot over the next few years. There are many classifications and segments in the perfume market based on various variables of the market.

Variables of the Citrus Scent Perfume Market

There are different types of manufacturing processes in making citrus scent perfumes. The classification is done based on essence content which varies in different perfumes. To analyze the market it is essential to look at the cost structure, the raw materials used in various citrus perfumes, the production capacity of the market, the supply available in the market globally and the anticipated demand for citrus scent perfumes in the market.

Citrus perfumes global market prices vary from brand to brand and from region to region. Analysis of the market shows that there are some key regions and countries and it also depends on the type of products and the uses. Data suggests that the sector is likely to grow in the next decade and many brands are investing in citrus perfumes to earn profits in this segment in the near future

Market Analysis – Citrus Perfumes

There are reports that have been written that show the growth potential of this market. The Global Citrus Scent Perfume Market Report looks at the various segments of the market, the market share, market competition, the research and development in the field, the investment by major brands in this sector, and the SWOT Analysis of the sector. It also showcases the growth trends and future development plans in the market. This report includes key factors for the industry like the growth potential, the drivers in the industry, the risks, the market expansion and the new product launches in the sector.

Major Global Brands in the Citrus Scent Perfume Industry

The report analyses various key players in the market that have invested in the citrus perfume sector as it is likely to witness a massive growth by 2025. Some of the key players include Georgio Armani, Chanel, Fresh, Guerlain, Marc Jacobs, Jo Malone, Clinique, Burberry, Calvin Klein, and VT. It also includes Bond No.9, Chantecaille, and Maison Francis Kurkdjian to name a few. Most international perfume brands offer a wide range of citrus perfumes ranging from subtle citrus notes to very strong citrus notes. There are separate perfumes for men and women as the citrus market is ideal for both.

The Global Citrus Scent Perfume Market can be divided into various geographical segments and there is a study done for North America, Europe and Asia Pacific market where growth in this market is more likely. The citrus scent perfume market is likely to grow and looking at the analysis and reports done on this market, it is a great way to understand the potential of this market in the future.…

A Bit of Perfume

“A bit of perfume always clings to the hand that gives roses” is a very popular Chinese saying. This describes the art of giving and the happiness derived from the joy of giving and making a positive change in the world. Appreciative Intelligence and appreciative inquiry are two fundamentals of success. These fundamental principles were first coined in the 1990s in Silicon Valley when entrepreneurial growth in the software industry was at its nascent stage. The following are details about this positive outlook in the industry:

Appreciative Intelligence

Appreciative Intelligence is the positive way of looking at a situation. A person’s capacity to look for the positive in any situation and find talent or solutions or breakthroughs or even create products that can work well and provide success to the enterprise. This is a person’s ability to look at a small seed and picture a mighty oak that can grow out of it. It is a very positive and bold way of looking at life and very few people are gifted with this kind of appreciative intelligence. These people have a knack of reframing a situation and spotting the potential for growth. Appreciative inquiry approach with artificial intelligence builds resilience, motivates the workforce and creates a positive and successful environment in any business. Employees are inspired by such a work culture.

What Employees Value at Their Workplace

Trust building factors and company environment plays a critical role in maintaining a good work environment and also making the employees believe they are part of a successful group of people who contribute towards the profits of the enterprise. The factors like giving people a sense of importance and value of their work, taking care of the employees and giving gratitude to the employees for their work and sacrifices to make the enterprise a success. Such a positive work environment is also based on the principle of fairness and it is very important that there is equal opportunity, fairness, and justice in a work environment. Employees want a good salary but they many times value all these factors more than their paychecks. Recognition of a job well done is very important and superiors in a work environment need to create an atmosphere where excellence is rewarded and recognized.

The Value of Praise

Corporations and industries are like large families that need to be kept together and nurtured over time because it is an enterprise that is made of human beings. There are two types of families that exist. In some households, criticism is given out freely but never is a member of the family given praise for any achievement in life.

Not giving praise in a household or a corporation is the fundamental detriment to success. It is impossible to bring out the best in people without giving praise. Just giving criticism without any praise for a work well done is often very bad for a work environment. Sometimes people are not used to being praised ever in life and find it embarrassing to be praised in front of other people and do not know how to take praise.

How to Use Praise as a Motivation

People have to be taught how to praise others as for many it does not come naturally. Learning how to praise employees is essential. Employees can be praised in front of other people and they can even be sent a private email with praise for their work. Sometimes superiors do not go out of their way to praise their coworkers as they simply do not take the time out of their busy schedule to praise their employees. Praise has to be delivered at the right time and not after the moment has passed or after someone openly reminds a person to praise their employees. Fake and over the top praise does not make sense.

The words of praise have to be chosen well and a few good words of praise go a long way. Many books help people to learn how to praise. It is a good idea to just praise an employee for work well done and move on in the natural course of business.

Appreciative Intelligence and looking at the positives in the workforce as well as finding positive solutions is all a good idea. A positive perfume of appreciation, giving and positivity clings to the employer as well and it helps in the overall success of an organization.…

Perfume could be the Riskiest Gift you will Ever Buy

Going out on a date is a major aspect of pursuing a romantic relationship. For a date to be successful there needs to be the right social and romantic setting or ambiance. The restaurant picked for the dinner or lunch date must be perfect and the clothes must be attractive like a suit or a little black dress. But many people do not realize that aroma plays an important role in most social settings especially in a romantic attraction between two individuals. Many people choose perfume as an ideal gift to give loved ones and the science of smell and perfume is an important aspect of our lives.

The Role of Smell in Mating Among Animals & Humans

Smell plays an important role and the sense of smell is the dominant sense in most animals all over the world including human beings. Many animals when they first come in contact with a potential mate sniff each other and this sniffing helps them get a lot of information that helps them choose a mate. The olfactory exploration by animals helps many animals determine the fertility of their potential mates and also the quality of the potential mate that they have come across. Just based on this sniffing, many animals decide whether they want to mate with the potential mate or wait till another animal of the same species which is better comes along. This is even true in human beings. The wrong smelling potential partner is never chosen by men or women as smell plays a critical role in human beings choosing romantic partners.

Social Tests Based on Smell

Many social tests have been done on animals and on human beings to determine the role smell plays in social attractions. When people meet for the first time smell plays an important role in their determination of the person’s personality and also whether they like them or not. Researchers use armpit odor that is collected on t-shirts by different people to conduct social experiments and tests. Researchers have come across very interesting data based on this test. For example, men find women’s odor attractive and very sexy when they are in the fertile part of their menstrual cycle. Women find the odor of men attractive if they have other attractive qualities that are nothing to do with smell. Women tend to like the smell of men who are more socially dominant, facially attractive and also men who have a sense of confidence about them.

Science of Social Smell Tests

When it comes to genetic compatibility, the body gives many signals of compatibility between people. A person’s natural body smells are important when it comes to determining compatibility in couples. The preference of odor is related to the concept of opposites attract. This means, based on smell, people of both sexes prefer mates or are compatible with suitors who have genes that are genetically dissimilar when looked at the set of genes that have been defined as the major histocompatibility complex. When in animals, smell plays a critical role as it determines for most animals, birds, and vertebrates to determine the chance of healthy off springs.

The Role of Perfume

Perfume has been used for 4000 years and today there are very expensive perfumes that define status and yet normal perfume is cheap and easily accessible everywhere on the planet. This billion-dollar perfume industry helps to the social stigma of body odor and helps in masking the natural body smells that can provide relevant information socially to people. Perfume makes people smell more pleasant, and personal fragrances are chosen by an individual, often work better with body odor than fragrances chosen by someone else.

The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) is a set of genes. Every person has different MHC and research has shown that when people chose a particular fragrance or perfume they subconsciously choose a perfume that works well with the MHC and it complements the natural body odor. Choosing a perfume that works perfectly well with a person’s MHC is a great idea but most people do not know their MHC and the test to find out is expensive.

Most people just naturally choose perfume and keep trying different perfumes until they find the perfect fit. Researchers whoever says that choosing a perfume based on MHC compatibility is a technical way of doing the same process that comes naturally to most people.…

Types and Categories of Perfume

The perfume industry is a multibillion-dollar industry and today perfume is more of an accessory than a scent that is used for special occasions. Most people have more than one perfume on their vanity and different types of perfume suit different occasions. The multiple perfume bottles are beautiful as the perfume industry is about beautiful fragrances and also about sweet looking perfume bottles. Some fragrances are more popular and expensive than others and most perfumes sold in the market are made by using a composition of ingredients. The following are categories in which perfumes can be divided broadly in the perfume industry:
Categories of Perfumes


This is a perfect fragrance for women especially for young women and is one of the most popular forms of fragrances on the planet. Flowers are used to making such fragrances and the sweet and girly scents are perfect for casual events as well as major occasions like weddings and parties. Floral fragrances have a classic and very feminine appeal and many top perfumes that have floral fragrances. Lancome Tresor, Chanel No.5 and Dolce Garden by Dolce and Gabbana are top floral fragrances.


Green fragrances are usually unisex fragrances. These fragrances are made by using different types of leaves from fragrant trees and plants and also freshly mown grass is also used in making such a fragrance. These types of fragrances are fresh and also sporty so they are ideal for men and women especially in the daytime.


Oceanic perfumes were first introduced in the 1990s. Christian Dior is a famous brand in luxury perfume and Dune that was introduced by this brand in 1991 was one of the first oceanic perfumes. Oceanic perfumes are perfumes that have a natural aroma of the environment around us. This can include freshness of mountain air, soothing fragrances of various seasons and also crisp and clean fragrance of linen.


As the name suggests, this category of perfumes has to do with spices. Various types of spices are used to make perfumes with strong fragrant notes. Spices like cardamom, pepper, ginger, cloves, and various other spices are used to create perfumes. Spice notes in perfumes provide a warm and comforting vibe to a perfume and are very popular especially in winter.


These types of perfumes are earthy and animalistic scents which are perfect for romantic dates, for a wintery night out or when a casual outing during the day. Different fragrances like musk and ambergris are used to make oriental perfumes and if perfumers add a hint of floral notes the fragrance is called florientals. Elizabeth Taylor Black Pearls, Givenchy Organza, Saint Laurent Opium, and Versace Crystal Noir are some famous examples of oriental perfumes.

Chypre or Woody

Chypre scent is also known as woody fragrance, are earthy and natural perfumes made by using the bark of trees, moss, and other natural plant-based fragrances. Though these fragrances are often considered as masculine but are also used extensively by women as they are mainly unisex perfumes which invoke strong feminity. Some popular woody perfumes include Estee Lauder Knowing, Chanel No. 19, and Britney Spears Believe.


As the name suggests, these types of perfumes have a sweet feminine and fruity notes made by using fruits are ingredients to make the perfume. Bright and sweet fragrances of fruits like apples, mangoes, pears, strawberries and other types of berries are all used to make these types of fruity fragrances. These are pretty fragrances that are favored by women and are fresh fragrances that can be worn for a casual outing or even for a dinner date at a top restaurant.


Citrus fragrances are a tangy and fresh option in perfumes that define summer and freshness. These are light fragrances that are made by using citrus fruits and are generally worn during the daytime. Citrus fragrances are made by using citrus fruits like oranges, mandarins, limes, lemons, tangerines, and other citrus fruits that offer a fresh and tangy fragrance. Some of the popular citrus fragrances include Clinique Happy, Burberry Weekend of Women, Jo Malone Grapefruit, and Cartier Eau De Cartier for Women.

It is important for people to know the basic sub-categories of the perfume industry to know the type of perfumes available in the market and make an informed decision while buying perfumes.…